Tuesday, September 27, 2022

Calendar of Workshops, Art Classes and Presentations

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Architecture at Work -Landscapes of State Socialist Design Construction, Bauhaus-Universität Weimar
Start Date/Time: Wednesday, September 14, 2022 6:00 AM
End Date/Time: Friday, September 16, 2022 9:00 PM
Description:

The last decade saw a rapid influx of histories on architectural production and urban development in the postwar state socialist world. Researchers have documented how city-planning and mass housing programmes in individual countries helped to forge diverse and often competing projects of socialist modernity. Others expanded their scope beyond Eastern Europe and argued, within the broader geopolitical contexts of the Cold War and decolonisation, that mobilities of architectural expertise, technology, and resources mediated the expansion of the state socialist interests in the Global South. Meanwhile one crucial area remains largely under-researched: the ways of organisation and management of architectural production and labour within the socialist world – the institutional structures, hierarchies and networks, paths of interaction of architectural science, research, planning, design and construction in and between the socialist countries, as well as their relationships with power brokers.

The workshop aims to survey existing and emerging scholarship on institutional organisation, governance, and development of state socialist planning, design and construction. We are interested in reconstructing various institutions comprising the socialist world’s building cultures. We invite participants to discuss the institutional connections and interactions between the architectural profession and the governing structures at different levels: from municipalities and republics, to the state and inter-state level. Modi of architectural production beyond or subversive to the established hierarchies, or taking place in liminal spaces of official institutional landscapes are also of particular interest.

The workshop is funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) –

ogramme

DAY 1:  Wednesday 14 September 2022
17.00-17.15  Registration
17.15-17.45 Welcome and Introduction
18.00-19.30 Keynote Lecture by Vladimir Paperny
"How I was a Designer". The Central Research Institute of Theory and History of Architecture
20.30 Dinner, Venue TBA
DAY 2: Thursday 15 September 2022

09.00-11.00 

Morning Sessions

Session I

Knowledge Exchanges

Session Chair: Ksenia Litvinenko

09.15-09.30 Christina E. Crawford & Claire Zimmerman
Detroit-Moscow-Detroit: Exploring the Prehistory of Socialist Architectural Exchange
09.30-09.45 Yichi Zhang
Forming the Lingnan Architectural School: Adopting German Modernism in Socialist China.
09.45-10:00 Yan Geng
“Silk Curtain” Mapping the Transcultural Tendencies in Chinese Socialist Architecture

10:00-10:15 Michael Brinley
Soviet Icons: Materiality, Expert Knowledge, and the Social Pact in Soviet City Planning in the 1960s-70s. 
10:15-11.15 Q&A and Discussion

Session II

Spaces of Interaction

Session Chair: Kirsten Angermann

09.15-09.30 Aliaksandr Shuba
The Working Group “History of Town Planning and Constructing in Historical Cities” and the Alfred Toepfer Foundation with its Herder Prize as the Triggers of Architectural Contacts between the West and East
09.30-09.45 Anna Kats
Design Professionals Across Three Worlds: Union Internationale des Architectes and Socialist Architects’ Unions, 1948‐1981
09.30-09.45 Ye Liu
The Tropical Odyssey: Chinese Socialist Building System in Tension

10:00-10:15 Boris Chukhovich
Made-in-Moscow-National-Style: How institutional struggles shaped the "oriental modernism" of Tashkent in the 1960s and 1980s
10:15-11.15 Q&A and Discussion

11.15-13.00 

Lunch Break
13.00-15.00  Afternoon Sessions

Session III

Institutional Histories

Session Chair: Aliaksandr Shuba

13:00-13:15 Stefanie Brünenberg & Sophie Stackmann
Processes of work and negotiation within and outside of worker collectives in the GDR

13.15-13.30 Nini Palavani
Building of the former Ministry of Automobile Roads of Georgia, 1975. Currently Bank of Georgia Head Office
13.30-13.45 Ljudmila Djukic
Institutional Fabric of Socialist Urban Planning and Construction in Serbia and Former Yugoslavia
13.45-14.00 Lucia Mlynčeková
Evolution and transformation of state projection and construction companies
14.00-15.00 Q&A and Discussion

Session IV

Experiment and Innovation

Session Chair: Ksenia Litvinenko

13.15-13.30 Nikolai Erofeev
Manufacturing khrushchevki: reconstructing experimental design practices
13.15-13.30 Frida Pashako
Manifesto of Albanian socialist architecture: a building and an apartment
13.30-13.45 Jannik Noeske
From Plans to Networks? Information Technology in GDR Urban Planning
13.45-14.00 Daria Bocharnikova
Institutions of Socialist Modern: Organizing Housing Research and Experimental Design in the Soviet Union
14.00-15.00 Q&A and Discussion

16.00 

Meet-up at Weimar Hbf Railway station
16.00-16.30  Train to Erfurt
16.30-19.30 Walking Tour with Mark Escherich
Building Socialist Friendship: Socialist Exchange Projects in the Community Centre Rieth; Community Centre Berliner Platz; Community Centre Moskauer Platz
20.00  Return to Weimar
DAY 3:  Friday 16 September 2022

 

09.00-11.00 

Morning Sessions

Session V

DIY and Cooperatives

Session Chair: Jenny Price

9.15-9.30 Jérôme Bazin
Self-made buildings in the socialist institutional landscape
9.30-9.45 Matas Šiupšinskas
Substitute for a summer house. Collective garden house architecture in Soviet Lithuania
9.45-10.00 Marija Drėmaite Co-operative Housing as a Field of Semi-private Architectural Experimentation in Lithuania, 1960s–1980s
10.00-10.15 Antje Kirsch
The cooperative "Kunst am Bau" and the synthesis of architecture and visual art
10.15-11.15 Q&A and Discussion

Session VI

Heritage Preservation and Destruction

Session Chair: Carola Neugebauer 

9.15-9.30 Rugile Rozene
To Demolish in Order to Construct. Soviet Urban Plans and Their Implementation in Historic Settlements
9.30-9.45 Helka Dzsacsovszki
The Third ICOMOS General Assembly in Budapest
9.45-10.00 Liliana Iuga
Claiming a Place for Heritage: Institutional (Re-) Organizations of the Department for Historic Monuments in Socialist Romania
10.00-10.15 Nadezhda Beliakova & Vera Kliueva
Grassroots initiatives for the preservation of cultural heritage in the late USSR: a case of student restoration teams
10.15-11.15 Q&A and Discussion
11.15-13.00  Lunch Break
13.00-15.00  Afternoon Sessions

Session VII

Centres and Peripheries

Session Chair: Oxana Gourinovitch

13.15-13.30 Zayra Badillo Castro
The Uzbek Ideological Project of the 1960s and the Tashkent Institute of Experimental Design
13.30-13.45 Zhenya Molar
Experimental Ceramic Laboratory of Nina Fedorova: Rethinking Ukrainian Folk Art for Soviet Architecture
13.45-14.00 Benjamin Eckel
The Path of a female Architect in the GDR - In Conversation with Sigrid Schaller
14.00-15.00 Q&A and Discussion

Session VIII

Self-management and Participation

Session Chair: Aliaksandr Shuba 

13.15-13.30 Lea Nienhoff
Welding oil tanks, building the future pulse of the city: A short history of the Workers' politics in constructing Schwedt/Oder
13.15-13.30 Tamara Bjažić Klarin
Constructing self-managing socialism – the case of the Zagreb based company „Tempo“
13.30-13.45 Constanze Kummer
Variables Wohnen – Ein partizipativer Planungsansatz im industriellen Wohnungsbau der DDR
13.45-14.45 Q&A and Discussion
15.00-16.00  Concluding Discussion
17.00-18.30 Keynote Lecture by Alla Vronskaya
Architectural Design Industry under State Socialism: A Gender Perspective
18.30  End of Workshop

 

OPENING KEYNOTE
Vladimir Paperny How I was a designer

14 September 2022, 6pm

Vladimir Paperny and Alexander Rappaport at a “voluntary-compulsory” subbotnik during their time at TsNIITIA. Construction site of the district committee (raykom) of the Kievsky district, at Kutuzov Prospect, Moscow, 1979.

Vladimir Paperny will talk about his time at the VNIITE (the All-Union Research Institute of Technical Aesthetic) and the TsNIITIA (Central Research Institute of Theory and History of Architecture, also known as NIITIA, VNIITAG a.o.), where he was doctoral researcher (aspirant) until 1979, after graduating from the Moscow State Stroganov Academy of Design and Applied Arts. His dissertation thesis, which he would not defend until 2000, was published in 1985 as Architecture in the Age of Stalin: Culture Two by Cambridge University Press to become one of the most iconic books on Soviet architecture.

Vladimir Paperny, Adjunct Professor at the Department of Slavic, East European and Eurasian Languages and Cultures at UCLA, is the invited speaker at the Workshop.

CLOSING KEYNOTE
Alla Vronskaya Towards a Gender Anthropology of Architectural Work

16 September 2022, 5pm

Mosproekt’s satirical ensemble of women-architects Reisshinka. Photo unknown. Source: bobmaystories.com

Alla Vronskaya examines gender inequality—and women-architects attempts to undermine it—at design and construction industry institutions of state socialism. She introduces the research conducted for the project Second World, Second Sex: Women-Architects under State Socialism.


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